Common short forms of Ariel are Ari and Arik for boys primarily in Hebrew-speaking areas and Arie , Elle , and Ella for girls primarily in English and French-speaking areas. Ariel is bound to serve the magician Prospero , who rescued him from the tree in which he was imprisoned by Sycorax , the witch who inhabited the island. Prospero greets disobedience with a reminder that he saved Ariel from Sycorax's spell, with promises to grant Ariel his freedom.
Ariel is Prospero's eyes and ears throughout the play, using his magical abilities to cause the tempest in Act One which gives the play its name, to foil other characters' plots to bring down his master. Ariel may be a simple play on the word "aerial". Scholars have compared him to sprites depicted in other Elizabethan plays, have managed to find several similarities between them, but one thing which makes Ariel unique is the human edge and personality given to him by Shakespeare ; because the stage directions in The Tempest are so precise and historians are better able to see how this play may have been performed than with other Shakespeare plays.
Several of the scenes involving magic have clear instructions on how to create the illusion required, causing critics to make connections and guesses as to what sort of technology would have been used in Shakespeare's troupe to stage Ariel's role in the play. A line by Ariel in Act IV allows scholars to ask if the original actor for Ariel played the part of Ceres , due to a shortage of boy actors. Ariel is viewed as a male character, although this view has wavered over the years in the Restoration, for the most part, women played the role.
Ariel has been involved, though in the debate over the colonialist nature of the play, as scholars have tried to determine how he compares to the more rebellious Caliban in terms of service to the European Prospero.
Whenever Caliban desired not to obey the command of Prospero, Ariel would persuade him to do the work, either by using magical powers or by using force. Ariel first appears in the second scene of the play to report to Prospero on his success in carrying out his command to shipwreck the King of Naples and his crew in a violent tempest. Ariel adds that, as commanded, he saw that none of the group were harmed, but that all landed safely on the island and separated along the coast.
After being praised by Prospero, Ariel pleads for his freedom from the magician's service in return.
Prospero declines, reminding him of the state he was in before Prospero rescued him: Ariel had been trapped by the witch Sycorax in a "cloven pine" as a punishment for resisting her commands. After 12 years of pain, Ariel was released from his prison by Prospero, who pressed the spirit into his service; the magician denies Ariel's request for freedom at this time, but promises that on the condition he follows the rest of his commands, he will grant his wish in two days.
For the rest of the play, Ariel is Prospero's eyes and ears—spying on the shipwrecked sailors in invisible form, but only Prospero can see Ariel. In the second act Ariel appears to stop a conspiracy to kill Alonso, King of Naples, whose brother, plots to kill him in his sleep. Ariel sings in a councillor to Alonso, to wake him and foils the plot. Ariel appears in Act Three to foil Caliban's plot to turn the sailors against Prospero and murder him.
In the same act, he appears with a clap of thunder and rebukes those who were involved in the plot to banish Prospero to the island, displaying his fearful power to the men, he is called on to gather the spirits of the island before Miranda and Ferdinand, to bring Trinculo and Caliban before Prospero for judgement. In the final act, Ariel releases the prisoners of Prospero and awakens what is left of the crew of the ship from a deep slumber. Thanks to Ariel's work and Miranda have fallen in love. Prospero is so impressed by Ariel's matchmaking that he says that he would set Ariel free for that one act.
Thus, having fulfilled Prospero's tasks, Prospero himself now being free to leave the island, Ariel is set free; the source from which Shakespeare got the idea for Ariel is not known, though there have been many candidates proposed by scholars. Sprites or demons such as Ariel were viewed during the Renaissance from either religious or scientific points of view: religion seeing them as either agents of the devil or agents of God, science viewing them as neutral subjects which could be brought under the control of the wise.
Some scholars compare Ariel to demons of the air described in Renaissance demonology , while others claim that he is an archetype of a more neutral category of sprites. Several of these proposals are outlined below: The'-el' ending of Shakespeare's name translates in Hebrew as'God', placing Ariel inline with more benevolent spirits, many of which were listed in sorcery books published in Shakespeare's day with similar suffixes. Jewish demonology, for example, had a figure by the name of Ariel, described as the spirit of the waters.follow url
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Another spirit, Uriel , is comparable. In Isaiah 29, Ariel is mentioned as another name for Jerusalem. In the Geneva Bible , which Shakespeare and others of the time would have known, the entry carries an interesting footnote describing this Ariel as the " Lyon of God. The name Ariel might be a simple derivation of aerial, though the character's abilities stretch beyond those of a typical air demon, encompassing fire and water demon abilities as well.
Other scholars propose that the ca. Ariel Ortega Ariel Arnaldo Ortega is a retired Argentine footballer who played as an attacking midfielder. His nickname is "El Burrito ", thus he is called "Burrito Ortega". A former Argentina international , Ortega played for his country in the , , World Cups , he was a member of the team that won the silver medal at the Summer Olympics.
Ortega began his professional football career in with Argentine club River Plate. Parma paid Sampdoria 28 billion lire. However, in the following season he returned to Argentina with River Plate, to compensate unpaid 12 billion lire transfer fees of Crespo. Ortega signed a 4-year contract, he was one of the key players of the team, scoring 5 goals in 14 matches. Ortega appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport in July but the case was dismissed on 5 November.
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Ortega served a 4-month suspension from that day. After the ban he was without a club.
In June , he went back to his first team River Plate, where he played for about half of the Apertura , before he stopped to begin treatment for alcoholism. On January , during River's pre-season in Mar del Plata , one day after playing an excellent game in which he scored, he surprised everyone with another alcoholic episode, after which River Plate's doctors suggested to the coach that Ortega should go back to Buenos Aires to resume treatment for his problem.
Coach Daniel Passarella brought Ortega back, stating he was ready for a comeback. However, three days in a league match versus Quilmes , he came on during the second half to help break the opposing team's defense in a tight 0—0 up to that point. Ortega scored a controversial goal with his hand, in the 93rd minute, to give River the victory and himself a great comeback.
Upon the arrival of Diego Simeone as head coach of River, Ortega lost some "protections" he was rumoured to have and, despite being an important part of the team that achieved the Clausura title, Simeone left him out of the squad for the upcoming season, reasoning his decision on Ortega having several times not come to train as well as some episodes of alcoholism. After some controversy and rumours in the winter window of Argentine market, he was loaned to Nacional B side Independiente Rivadavia , signing a one-year contract where a twice a week trip to a Chilean Special Treatment Center for alcoholics is one of the clauses.
On 1 May , he has been let go by Independiente officials. The club decided to terminate his contract in advance. Ortega was on loan from River Plate. On his first game back in River Plate, 25 July , he scored an outstanding chip shot goal to give River a 1—0 victory over Everton F.
In the tournament, he scored a last minute equalizer against Estudiantes. In the Clausura, Ortega started River's first two matches, but suffered another alcoholic relapse and missed the next ten games before returning against Newell's Old Boys in the 13th round of matches. In , he was loaned to Defensores de Belgrano. Ortega was included in the squad for the World Cup, his debut in the starting eleven occurred on 3 July when Argentina was knocked out of the competition by Romania.
Ortega was handed the 10 shirt for the FIFA World Cup , where he was expected to carry the mantle of the team's playmaker , it was his first World Cup as an established star. Despite impressing in the early rounds to be considered a favorite as. The first version, published in , consisted of ten books with over ten thousand lines of verse. A second edition followed in , arranged into twelve books with minor revisions throughout and a note on the versification, it is considered by critics to be Milton's major work, it helped solidify his reputation as one of the greatest English poets of his time.
The poem concerns the biblical story of the Fall of Man : the temptation of Adam and Eve by the fallen angel Satan and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden. Milton's purpose, stated in Book I, is to "justify the ways of God to men. The biographer John Aubrey tells us that the poem was begun in about and finished in about However, parts were certainly written earlier, its roots lie in Milton's earliest youth.
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Leonard speculates that the English Civil War interrupted Milton's earliest attempts to start his "epic that would encompass all space and time. In the version of Paradise Lost, the poem was divided into ten books. However, in the edition, Paradise Lost contained twelve books.
Having gone blind in , Milton wrote Paradise Lost through dictation with the help of amanuenses and friends, he wrote the epic poem while he was ill, suffering from gout , despite the fact that he was suffering after the early death of his second wife, Katherine Woodcock , in , the death of their infant daughter. The poem is divided into "books"; the Arguments at the head of each book were added in subsequent imprints of the first edition.
The poem follows the epic tradition of starting in medias res , the background story being recounted later. Milton's story has one about Satan and the other following Adam and Eve.